The subject of aviation medicine are the physical and medical characteristics of the stay in air and space, as well as the well-being of the flying personnel and passengers. Comparable to an annual examination of an airplane, every pilot, no matter if he or she is a commercial or private pilot, has to undergo an aeromedical fitness examination, the so-called medical, at regular intervals with a licensed flight physician. Flight attendants must also undergo a medical examination at regular intervals.
Visual acuity requirements EASA Class 1
A corrected distance visual acuity of at least 0.7 (= 70%) for single vision and 1.0 (= 100%) for binocular vision must be achieved at each medical examination.
Reliable color recognition must be demonstrated. Contact lenses must be worn if anisometropia > 3 diopters.
If you have a refractive error of +3.0 to +5.0 diopters, – 3.0 to – 6.0 diopters, or anisometropia between >2 and <3 diopters, you must also have an ophthalmic examination every 5 years.
If you have a refractive error greater than -6.0 diopters, astigmatism or anisometropia greater than 3 diopters, you must also have an ophthalmic exam every 2 years.
After eye surgery and changes in visual acuity, an examination report from the ophthalmologist must be submitted to confirm fitness.
Entries for visual aids on the certificate:
Visual acuity requirements EASA Class 2 / LAPL
At each medical examination a corrected distance visual acuity of at least 0.5 (= 50%) for single vision and 0.7 (= 70%) for both eyes must be achieved.
In case of a color vision defect, a medical certificate with the entry “VCL” (= only valid for daytime flights) can be issued.
After eye surgery and changes in visual acuity, an examination report from the ophthalmologist/medical examiner must be submitted to confirm fitness.
Entries for visual aids in the certificate:
Application for issuance of medical:
Applicable for Class I & II & LAPL